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Best Cannabis Seeds For Cold Climate

Best Outdoor Marijuana Seeds For Your Climate

Written by Neal Brown . Updated: February 25, 2021

Finding the Best Seeds for Your Climate

When choosing cannabis seeds, there are a few factors to consider before making a purchase. The local climate plays a substantial role, and to be a successful cannabis cultivator, you will need to learn your area’s average temperatures and weather patterns. Though your personal preference is another important consideration, climate is the most crucial factor when choosing seeds.

Different cannabis strains do well in varying climates and weather patterns, and you will need to understand how these strains interact with your local climate. There are three main cannabis strains: Ruderalis, Sativa, and Indica, and here, we’ll discuss choosing the right seeds for any climate.

Finding the Right Seeds for Your Local Climate

When choosing a strain to cultivate, it is important to remember how these strains evolved in the first place. For instance, a strain that evolved in a tropical climate will have physical attributes that differentiate it from other cannabis strains. Such plants have smaller leaves and more flowers, while a strain from the Middle East or Central Asia will have denser buds and bigger leaves.

These physical differences exist because of the consistency and intensity of sunlight exposure. Larger leaves are an indicator of diminished sunlight availability, because these plants evolved to have a larger surface area so they can absorb more light. However, smaller leaves indicate a climate with consistent, intense sunlight, because these plants absorb enough light to grow without an increase in leaf size.

Such differences are crucial for growers when choosing a strain. If you already know what type of climate a cannabis strain comes from, it is easy to estimate how well it may do in your garden.

Ruderalis, Sativa, and Indica: The Differences

In this section, we will explain the differences between Ruderalis, Indica, and Sativa strains. Each strain has certain qualities that suit it to varying growing areas and climates, but your preferences also play a role in determining which types of seeds you should buy.

  • Indica: Cannabis indica originated in Tibet, Afghanistan, Morocco, and Kashmir. These plants typically range in size from three to six feet, with rounded, marbled, and broad leaves. They are greener than other strains, with bushy, dense foliage. In some cases, they even have purple undertones that become more pronounced with maturity. Indica strains have a shorter season, which makes them a great option for growers in colder, northern climates. Indica strains provide a heavy “body high,” and they come with a characteristic taste and smell.
  • Sativa: Cannabis sativa strains originate in tropical regions such as Thailand, Mexico, and Colombia. With that said, they’re remarkably tolerant to cold. Sativa plants can grow up to 12 feet tall, and their thin, pointy leaves have no clear pattern. As Sativa buds mature, they may turn red or purple in color. The product of these plants is typically described as sweet-, fruity-, or spicy-tasting. Sativa strains typically provide a “cerebral high”, which make them great for all-day use.
  • Ruderalis: Cannabis ruderalis strains are not frequently grown for personal consumption because of their low THC content. These small cannabis plants are often used to make hemp rope and textiles, as well as for their potential to produce autoflowering plants. Ruderalis strains are usually grown in the northern Himalayas, as well as certain Midwestern states. These plants are highly resistant to disease and pests, and they’re valued for their high CBD or cannabidiol

Hybrid strains combine the best qualities of Indica and Sativa plants. Though all hybrid cannabis strains have some traits from each variety, they are all unique with their varying dominant traits. By inspecting the “fingers” on the fan leaves, you can tell which type of hybrid strain you have. Wide leaves are emblematic of an Indica-dominant strain, while narrow leaves are a hallmark of a Sativa-dominant plant. Hybrid cannabis strains are typically created with local growing seasons and climates in mind, combining the two strains in ways that shorten or lengthen the maturation period.

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