What Is A Cannabus Clone?
A clone is simply a cutting which has been taken from a female marijuana plant and rooted in some medium, usually rockwool, so that when they root, they can be easily transferred to any number of growing mediums.
Marijuana species of the sativa and indica varieties grow in such a way that marijuana clones can be taken from cuttings. This is no different than any apple, cherry or plum tree, succulent or any number of species of flora capable of putting out new roots after being clipped from a parent plant.
When attempting to weigh the differences of clone vs seed, there really is no comparison as they are completely different animals, though you can’t make a clone without first popping a seed at some point in time. As far as growth-rates go, clone vs seed time is incomparable. Because clones are already at a mature phase of growth, they are pretty much ready to go after just a week or so of settling into their new environments.
Professional grow operations utilize clones because of their fast turnaround and, to do so, a separated space is required where they keep what are called ‘Mothers’. These mothers have been kept because they are the strongest and most productive examples found of a specific strain. They are generally considered viable for up to six months before being discarded and replaced by one of their early clones. What this allows the grower to do is to keep a perpetual crop of identical plants, in order to maintain consistency of product.
What is Cannabus?
cannabus is a fast-growing weed found flourishing in all corners of the globe. Since early human history, this plant’s fibres have been used to create rope, clothing, paper, its oils for tonics and its flowers used as recreational and ceremonial medicines.
This precious plant has adapted throughout Earth’s history to present as three distinct strains, as well as a number of hybrid strains. All but one of these strains relies on a shift in light temperature and duration which signifies the changing of the seasons, in order to know when to flower. These three distinct groups are:
Cannabus Sativa/Sativa L.: Found in subtropical, tropical and equatorial latitudes, these strains tend to grow tall and wide, with long, narrow fan-leaves spreading out in all directions. Sativa strains require a longer growing season due to their flowering for up to sixteen weeks in some cases. The buds of these plants are generally smaller, fluffier or less compact, and deliver an energetic and uplifting high to the user. These specimens are also utilized in making hemp products, especially Cannabus Sativa L. It was discovered by botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753, in an industry which continues to produce consumer retail goods throughout continental America and across the world.
Cannabus Indica: These specimens are much smaller and more compact than their sativa cousins. Their shorter, wider leaves are generally darker and, due to anthocyanins being present in their makeup, the cooler temperatures of their native climates reveal hues of purple, pink, blue and sometimes even black. Buds on these strains tend to be large and dense, possibly as a protective mechanism developed while living in cooler environments. The effects of the indica variety are more euphoric and sedating and have been used medicinally in the treatment of pain. Stronger varieties have been known to act as aphrodisiacs.
Fun fact: Trichomes taken from landrace strains of both the indica and sativa variety while in the final phases of flowering have been the primary ingredient in a type of fresh-rub hashish in India, called Chara, for thousands of years.
Cannabus Ruderalis: Discovered growing in Eastern Europe and Siberia, this small, hardy variety displays three to five leaves to a fan, and it flowers out of maturity rather than a shift in light like its photoperiod cousins. This plant, though not utilized for THC or CBD production, does allow for the breeding of autoflowering versions of more in-demand strains. Whereas it is possible to keep indica and sativa in a vegetative stage, through the employ of specific lighting schedules, since ruderalis does not flower due to shifts in light, remaining in veg is not an option and these species continue through maturity, no matter what. This means that advanced pruning and taking clones are both a no-go for this little leaf either. Its true treasure lies in that autoflowering nature and its resilience to disease.
Since prohibition of the 1930’s, American citizens have become increasingly involved in cannabus culture. Where once marijuana was a source of taboo and was considered a danger to anyone caught in its web, today it is widely accepted and approved that the benefits of our precious pot are a breath of fresh air medicinally, recreationally and economically.
Check out the Home of Weed Seeds USA to learn more about the numerous seeds and strains we have available.
Anatomy Of The Cannabus Plant
When talking about anatomy, there is a lot to know. Physically, the cannabus plant is made up of a number of parts from its roots, through the vascular system of the stalk and branching, right out to the tips of the photosynthesizing leaves. Upon reaching maturity, the male plant will put out bunches of beautiful white flowers, packed with pollen. The female plant, upon reaching maturity, will develop what are called the Bract, Calyx and Pistil. These are specifically designed to attract and absorb pollen from the male, thus fertilizing the plant and sparking the development of seeds. When the female plant cannot find pollen to grab on to, it continues to flower or ‘bud’, and the buds become thick with pistils in search of pollen.
Within the plant, there are many other things going on. Through a process called photosynthesis, the plant soaks up nutrients which feed the plant’s elemental requirements and contribute to the production of chlorophyll. This chlorophyll or the green color you see in the leaves, coupled with light, generates photosynthesis. This is the process of converting light and carbon dioxide into plant growth and, as the plant grows, it releases oxygen through respiration. The entire time, it is the roots which are interacting with its growing medium and feeding the plant through what is called cation exchange capacity (CEC). This exchange between particles in the soil is what makes plant life possible and why super soil growing is such a rewarding experience. It creates the perfect atmosphere for root systems to function at their peak efficiency, so if the light is right and the ambient environment hospitable, the sky’s the limit.
So, a mature female cannabus plant is made up of a number of important parts. The roots, which anchor the plant and make it possible for the above-ground portions of the plant to function correctly. The stalk and branching, which carry nutrients back and forth between the photosynthesizing leaves and the roots. The fan-leaves, which are the photosynthesizing part of the plant, making further growth possible. Bract, calyx and pistil, which are the first sign of female plant maturity and which are the counterpart to male pollen, necessary to the process of fertilization. Flowers are the part of the plant which we love to dry, cure, smoke, press or otherwise extract from and which are instrumental in delivering effects to the user, whether medicinal, ceremonial or recreational. They are also the home of seeds, in the case of fertilization, something which is generally avoided when cultivating buds.
When a cannabus plant is working at peak efficiency, it produces cannabinoids such as THC, THCv, CBD, CBN and CBG, among others. The female cannabus plant, as with any pungent organic material like orange peels, lavender, pine-sap and honey, is rife with terpenes. These terpenes are not only responsible for the variety of flavours and fragrances we find inherent to the cannabus plant, but they also provide beneficial medicinal effects, such as anxiolytics, antidepressants, antibiotics, antifungals, antimicrobials, antitumor, etc.
For anyone who wants to buy marijuana seeds online, so they can get growing some of these magical plants, Weed Seeds USA has a vast and impressive selection, homegrown and ready to go.
How Are Cannabus Clones Made?
A mature branch is one which has alternating branching rather than the balanced nodes of early branching structure, and will generally appear when the plant reaches pre-flower and starts to stretch.
Simply clip a 4-5-inch, mature branch from a parent plant at a 45 degree angle and score the cut-site. Prune existing leaves to half their size and remove any lower leaves as you won’t want the little thing over-exerting itself to feed.
Dip the cut-site in fresh water then cake it in rooting hormone. Shake off the excess powder or gel and place the cut end in pre-soaked rockwool, cutting mix or your favorite cloning medium.
Alternatively, these clippings may be placed in a clone box, which is like a small aquaponics kit. Clones are treated much the same way as the first, however, instead of placing the clippings into a growing medium, the cut ends are placed in an environment humid with fresh water and the roots extend as in DWC (deep water culture).
Whether you choose to place them in a growing medium or into a clone box, they must be kept in low light with high humidity if they are to survive. Lights commonly used are CFL (compact fluorescent) and T5’s. The T5 grow light has been around since before the turn of the 20th century and these lights are perfect for germination and for rooting clones. That said, leaving your seedling or clone too long under such a soft light will cause irreversible stretch.
High humidity is necessary because the new cuttings have no roots to suck up water and nutrients and the rate of respiration is such that they cannot survive in the vegging environment. They must have the humidity until the roots grow, or they will dry out and die. In cooler climates, it may be a good idea to employ a small seed starter heat mat under the tray to help the process along.
It helps to remove the dome every now and then or otherwise let them breathe. Misting them with fresh, clean water is always a good idea so they don’t develop a fungal infection. This is uber-important as these little clippings are vulnerable and must be kept clean, though if you do it all right, you should have a little forest of rooted clones in just a few days.
What Is A Cannabus Seed?
Weed seeds, or marijuana seeds, are just what they sound like: seeds of the marijuana plant, and are formed through the process of fertilization and subsequent maturation of the plant itself. The cannabus seed has an outer protective layer or ‘seed coat’ which surrounds the inner growth mechanism or ‘embryo’ and which houses a substance called albumen, a nutritional layer which assists in keeping the embryo viable. The embryo is made up of three parts: the endosperm, the dicotyledon and the hypocotyl.
The endosperm is the nutritional part of the seed which, upon the seed’s germination, supplies the necessary nutrients the seedling requires in order to put out its first set of photosynthesizing leaves. The cotyledons or ‘seed leaves’ are the embryonic leaves and, living off the albumen and endosperm, are put out as the first photosynthesizing bits, providing just enough energy so that the seedling can generate fan leaves from the hypocotyl. It is the ‘radicle’ of the seed which is responsible for the taproot from which the seedling will gather its first nutrients.
All of these systems must be in place and remain unaffected if the seed is to remain viable. If you are searching for the best place to buy marijuana seeds in USA, Contact US to buy Seeds for Cloning, for growing or for learning more about their intricate life cycles.
How Are Cannabus Seeds Made?
Ganja seeds are very cool and germinating marijuana seeds eventually provide us with all the great green we love, the mothers we take clones from and they are easily tailor-made to suit a variety of tastes and desires.
Pot seeds come to us through either the natural process of fertilization, such as in the wild where the wind carries pollen to female cannabus plants whose pistils grab the pollen and thus fertilize the plant, causing it to produce seeds.
Another way to fertilize plants exists in breeding, where pollen is collected from segregated male plants and literally painted into the female calyx whereby fertilization ensues.
Still another way to make seeds is to spray a female plant with colloidal silver, forcing her to create pollen of her own. This pollen is then collected and used as above in order to make feminized seeds.
Throughout any of these processes, the seeds are allowed to mature in their pods until maturation is complete, then they are collected and either stored or used to germinate for further crops.
Weed Seeds USA is an exclusively American distributor of the finest North American Weed Seeds available in the country. Contact us to learn more about the products we offer.
Advantages Of Growing Cannabus From Seed
Those who know how to grow marijuana from seed know that seeds make a hardier plant. These tend to be stronger because, whereas clones simply work off secondary roots, seeds put out a taproot which not only anchors the plant, but becomes the primary source of the plant’s uptake of vital nutrients early on in its life-cycle.
Growers have been cultivating crops from seeds for generations because they know that these plants are not only stronger, but they generate a mature plant which will, most times, deliver a heavier and healthier yield. Though clones from these creatures can be strong, it is uncommon to use a clone for anything but budding fast, and seeing anyone generate seeds from clones is a very uncommon practice.
It is less expensive to grow plants from seed, given all the health benefits. Whereas clones can cost upwards of $30, plus another $30 shipping, depending on the supplier. Some suppliers include free shipping on orders of four plants or more. Judging by the cost of the plant and the fact that it may or may not arrive in one piece, may or may not be healthy, may or may not produce and is certainly weaker than any seed-grown plant, the cost doesn’t make sense. Growing from seed provides no doubt as to the health and vitality of the plant and any seed-grown plant is guaranteed to produce more than its cloned cousin.
Environmental impact is another consideration. Whereas a packet of seeds will grow strong and healthy plants and has little impact through shipping, there is much more to shipping clones. A single bag of seeds can grow an entire field of healthy ganja whereas a whole truckload of clones, which will only last a little while and may be rife with issues, is only capable of growing a single Sea of Green, if that.
Swapping seeds is a lot easier than swapping clones and you don’t have to use seeds right away. Weed Seeds USA is dedicated to ensuring the viability of our seeds so they will keep for a very, very long time.
The satisfaction of growing from seed cannot be beat and our beloved breeders and commercial growers may want to invest in Wholesale Seeds for Cloning, so they can be sure that they have numbers of plants to choose their mothers from.
Disadvantages Of Growing Cannabus From Seed
Sometimes growing from seed vs clone is a fair argument but it all depends on what the grower is attempting to achieve.
One major disadvantage of growing from seed is that it takes a lot longer to enjoy a mature plant. Whereas clones are ready to start flowering as soon as they have rooted and are established, seeds need germination, seedling care and vegging before they are ready to flip. This could take months in some cases and makes for a much longer turnaround than a commercial growing operation, where faster equals better and clones are sometimes flipped immediately upon rooting.
Genetic diversity also plays a role in seed-sowing. Because of the numerous strains out there and the incredible number of phenotypes present, you may experience three different plants from three seeds from the same package.
Another disadvantage of growing from seed is, unless that seed has been feminized, there is no way to tell, until pre-flower, if that plant is male or female. This can pose a real challenge to growers who are attempting to cultivate females for their buds and who instead need to focus on separating males before continuing to nurture their females. This takes a lot of time, a lot of energy, and is not suitable to commercial mass-growing operations.
Yet another bonus to clones is that you never really know how strong the genetics within a seed actually are. There are so many companies promoting their products now that the market is flooded with poor genetics claiming to be on point. However, when you order from us, we guarantee the viability of each and every one of our seeds, so ordering from us makes this last disadvantage a moot point.
Advantages Of Growing Cannabus From A Clone
Where commercial growing is concerned, the advantages of growing from weed clones cannot be overestimated. Rarely do mass operations plant a seed, though housing rooms full of mother plants for months on end, from which clones are taken for a perpetual harvest is common practice. A mother plant is one which has been chosen for a number of reasons including growability, characteristics, smell, color, and terpene profile. Consistency is what these professional operations aim for and this is what they achieve through the process of rearing clones.
A clone is an exact copy of the parent plant in all ways. It is guaranteed female, all of the characteristics, strengths and vulnerabilities are the same and can be treated in the same manner, and the growth-pattern is the same as the parent.
A clone is taken, rooted and vegged for just a couple weeks, before being utilized, most times, in a Sea of Green (SOG) or 12/12-from-seed grow. Clones are also capable of going the distance in a ScrOG (Screen of Green) situation, however, they are a bit weaker and their health must be closely monitored. Either way, a clone is ready to go faster than those plants grown from seed.
Another bonus of clones is that they are free and you can take a lot at once. Anyone can take clippings from any number of plants and root them out, making an entire forest of flowers. This is one way to never pay for a cannabus plant again and a huge reason why clones are so popular. Gardeners have used this method of reproduction since the dawn of the domestication of flora because, when quantity and consistency matters, it just makes sense.
So, in a commercial indoor setup, clones may be ideal but, in any outdoor setup, or when searching for a new strain, it would benefit the gardener to find the best genetics they can and start from seed.
Disadvantages Of Growing Cannabus From A Clone
As with any set of alternatives, some will work better over here, while some will do better over there. The argument over seeds vs clones outdoors is one which has a quick answer: clones inside, seeds outside, but this is not all there is to the seeds/clones debate.
Many growers enjoy the grace and wonder of growing outside. Cultivating crops in the open air, allowing Mother Nature to do her thing is a practice as old as civilization and one which many purists swear by. Because clones must generate new roots out of their stalks, they are not generally strong enough to withstand the weather, pests, diseases and other attacks inherent with an outdoor grow. Those plants grown from seed are always going to be stronger and, because there is no issue with their root systems, they will generally produce higher yields of stronger buds.
Another disadvantage to growing from clones is that, over time, the mother plant degrades or gets weaker, therefore generating weaker clones. Professional grow labs tend to keep a mother no more than six months, even though she may give viable clones for up to two years. Because of the exponential weakening of her capabilities, though bushes grown from clones are genetically identical, over time the quality lessens. Therefore, if clones are not weak enough, those taken after a couple months will be consistently weaker and less able to produce the great gobs of green we all hope to harvest.
What Grows Faster: Clones Or Seeds?
Curious about clone grow time vs seeds? There are so many differences between the two that to even talk about clones vs seeds is almost a moot point. Though clones are faster for the SOG, they will never be as strong as seeds, are not as healthy and resistant to pests and diseases and, aside from consistency in a hermetically-sealed environment, clones can’t hold a candle to seeds’ viability and adaptability.
The question then becomes: what are you trying to accomplish? If what you want are fast plants with fast yields, then go for clones. If what you want is a strong plant with heavy, healthy yields, then plant seeds. The latter will also bring you the satisfaction of knowing that you raised something from the ground up, from seed to harvest, and is guaranteed to be better weed than that of a clone, because you never know the age of the mother at the time the clone was taken.
As a seed company, we are in the business of distributing quality beans to those who want to grow quality buds. That’s why we like to squash the argument over 420 Cannabus Clones Vs Seeds and re-inform the grower of the incredible strength and reliability of seeds.
What Grows Larger: Clones Or Seeds
Our marijuana seed bank carries such a diverse array of seeds, so to try an attempt to give them all a shot would take ten lifetimes. This is why we separate our seeds into sections or categories, such as indica, sativa, autoflower, incredibly high THC content weeds great for extracts, we have 710 seeds and for the massive yield, we have every strain ready for 420. These are specifically designed to be high-yielding plants, guaranteed to make every session count.
If you wonder about 710 Seeds and Clones, you can be sure that every single female plant you grow, from any number of our seeds, as long as they are not the autoflower variety, can be cloned. It may also help to know that clones vs seeds yields are negligible. Clones will never produce as much bud as the same strain grown from seed, no matter what the condition of the mother plant.
Because of the lack of inherent strength in clones, they are generally used for an instant flip grow or immediate 12/12, as in a Sea of Green. This is meant to be fast and productive, though we wouldn’t rely on a clone to grow to the sizes of any seed-borne plant.